The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion, an on Application of the Legislature or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence. [U.S. Constitution, Article IV, Section 4]
If the boundaries of the districts represented by the members of a State Legislature have been drawn to favor the election of a political faction or ethnic or other faction to a create a majority of members who favor the particular faction or group instead of a majority of the entire body of voters, then the Legislature is not truly representative of the population. I assert that such a State does not have a "Republican Form of Government," and that under the federal Constitution, the federal government is obligated to correct the situation. I suggest that Attorney General Holder undertake to carry out this responsibility by examining the legislative districts of such States as Texas and Pennsylvania, to say nothing of Michigan, Ohio, and others. According to my reading of the Constitution gerrymandering of legislative districts violates the Fourth Article.